The Nordic Network in Advanced Materials Science at Large Scale International Photon Sources is a doctoral training network established in 2016. It is coordinated by the Optoelectronics Research Centre (ORC) at Tampere University of Technology (TUT). The primary objective of the network is to promote researcher visits to existing and emerging photon sources (e.g. synchrotron radiation and x-ray free electron laser sources) for science and innovation, researcher training, public outreach efforts, and networking in the field of materials research in the Nordic-Baltic region.
Why do photons matter in materials research and innovation?
Probing matter with photons is a fundamental scientific approach to the study of material properties as well as the physical and chemical phenomena facilitated by these properties. Such research is essential to many key technological areas e.g. energy- and eco-efficiency (solar cells, artificial photosynthesis), health technologies (human spare parts, new drugs and diagnostic systems) or light-based technologies (photonic materials, light-controlled materials). Laboratory based sources such as lasers, ultraviolet lamps and x-ray tubes are widely employed in such research, but the demand for light produced at synchrotron radiation sources has grown steadily.
The benefit of using large scale photon sources such as synchrotron radiation sources is that they produce extremely bright and in some cases even coherent electromagnetic radiation ranging from ultraviolet light to hard x-rays. In addition to yielding extremely bright radiation with high spectral resolution, they enable tuning of the photon energy, polarization and even time structure (pico- or femtosecond pulses) of the radiation. Hence, the properties of light can be tailored for individual experiments, thus facilitating experiments that are, in fact, possible only at synchrotron radiation centers.
Where are the photon sources located?
At present, there are several operational SR facilities in Europe with two of them in the Nordic countries (Lund in Sweden and Aarhus in Denmark). Worldwide, there are over dozens of facilities but, due to high user demand for research time, existing facilities are being upgraded and entirely new facilities are currently being built. For instance, the next-generation Swedish synchrotron radiation center, MAX IV Laboratory, is due to become operational in the summer of 2016 and it will open up entirely new opportunities for the Finnish scientific community and industry.
For more information about large scale international photon sources and the doctoral training network, you are welcome to contact:
Dr. Mika Hirsimäki, Optoelectronics Research Centre, TUT (coordinator)
Prof. Mika Valden, Optoelectronics Research Centre, TUT
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